Early Years Foundation Stage

In the Nursery we follow the curriculum for the foundation stage.  In the early years children learn through play, actively and creatively exploring the world around them and developing new ideas and skills. Teachers observe children's play closely, getting to know the interests and needs of each child and of the group.  They plan topics, resources and experiences related to these and deliver them through a balance of child-initiated and adult-led activities both indoors and out.   In Buds the children have many well-planned, purposeful play opportunities but the day is more structured with whole group, small group and individual activities in preparation for school. 

As Early Years teachers we reflect on our day and when doing activities think about who its for, what its for and what the learning intent is. We follow the 3 i's to ensure everything we do is a learning opportunity for our children.

Intent - What do we want the child to learn?

Implement - How are we going to teach the child this?

Impact - Evaluate the learning & plan next steps

The Early Years Foundation Stage curriculum contains seven areas of Learning and Development with the three main areas for children being:  

Personal, social and emotional development

Children build strong friendships, initially playing alongside one another and then progressing to develop ideas together, share interests and show respect, care and concern towards themselves, one another and the world around them.  They gain self-confidence in their developing skills and abilities and self-awareness in knowing and expressing their feelings, ideas and in asking for help if they need it. 


Communication and Language

In one-to-one and small group conversations, circle-times and storytelling, children listen carefully, ask questions, share  their thinking and follow instructions.  They tell and re-tell stories and describe to us how things work.  We extend children’s speaking skills by introducing new vocabulary, reflecting correct pronunciation and grammar back to them and by showing real interest in what they have to tell us.

Children learn Spanish each week through games and songs with our specialist teacher. 

Physical Development

Children develop their fine motor skills in many different ways, for example through drawing, cutting, threading, painting, pouring, cooking, sewing, building, sand play, small world play, using simple tools, fastening their buttons and zips.  They develop gross motor skills indoors and outdoors, through running, jumping, using climbing and sports equipment, kicking and catching balls.  We have a specialist teacher for ball skills.  Children also love helping themselves to the healthy snack at break time and to water whenever they feel thirsty.

The four remaining areas in children's Learning and Development are: 


Reading: We read, tell and retell stories and recite and sing rhymes together every day.  We have an extensive library of books including fiction, non-fiction, rhymes and poetry.  At the Nursery we work with Phase 1 and 2 of ‘Letters and Sounds’ and Jolly Phonics, helping children to develop their auditory discriminatory skills for identifying sounds all around them and particular sounds in letters, words and rhymes.  Children learn the letter sounds of the alphabet and move on to phonic blends and tricky words.  

Writing: Very young children mark make and we ask them to tell us about the drawings and writing they have made.  They learn to write their name with correct pen grip.  We give children real reasons to write, for example a shopping list in the home corner, a log book for the space station, a recipe for making gingerbread men.  


Numbers:  Through number games, stories, rhymes and maths equipment children count and solve problems, for themselves and together.  We use number lines 1-10 and number grids 1-100.  In Buds children learn to write numbers correctly and write simple number sentences for addition and subtraction.  

Shape, space and measure: Children weigh in cookery, explore capacity in water play, measure how tall they or their sunflower has grown and make patterns using sequences of colours or shapes.  They build with 2D and 3D shapes and learn the mathematical names for the shapes they use.

Understanding the World

People and Communities:  In circle times, assemblies, festival days, Our Wonderful World Week, Harvest Festival Week and Book Week, children learn about their own and other children’s faiths and culture.  Parents visit regularly to share their books, music, cooking and traditional costumes and customs with the children.  We talk to children about the similarities and differences between us all and how we can be kind, happy and caring individuals.  

The World: This is the foundation for Science, History and Geography.  Children explore and investigate the world around them, finding out how things work, naming different animals and plants and discovering how plants grow then decay.

Technology: This is the foundation for Information & Communication Technology (ICT).  Children have access to a range of to a computer, iPads, and programmable toys with help and independently.

Expressive Arts and Design

Exploring and using media and materials: Children have a weekly Dance lesson with a specialist Dance teacher.  Children design and make constructions using different materials and tools, for example chopping fruit to make a fruit salad, sewing a hand puppet or using junk to create their own structures.  

Being Imaginative: We have a wide range of media and materials for children to use in painting, making collages, building dens, playing percussion instruments, dancing, role play and for re-enacting or making up their own stories.